Karimunjawa National Park
Karimunjawa National Park,
which forms a chain of 27 islands, represents several ecosystem types
including lowland rain forest, seagrass and algae fields, coastal forests,
mangrove forests, and coral reefs.
Around Kemujan island, the wreck of the Panamanian ship "Indono", which sank to the sea bed in 1955, is now a habitat of coral fish and is a popular site for wreck diving.
Only five of the 27 islands are inhabited: Karimunjawa, Kemujan, Karang, Nyamuk and Genting. Karimunjawa Island is the centre of this sub-district, which is located 83 km from Jepara (a city famous in Indonesia for its woodcarving industry ).
The name "Karimunjawa" comes from the era
of Sunan Muria. He was one of the outstanding religious figures who helped
to disseminate Islam in Java. Story has it that once upon a time, Sunan
Muria was viewing the islands of Karimunjawa from Java, but they were
just a blur on the horizon - in the Javanese language,
'kremun-kremun soko jowo'. When Sunan Muria's son, Sunan Nyamplungan,
or Amir Hasan, passed away, he left a bequest of lele fish (Clarias
meladerma) without poisonous fins, the grave of Nyamplungan, dewodaru
wood, sentigi, kalimosodo and edhor snakes, all of which are now considered
sacred by the local people.
Menjangan Kecil, Menjangan Besar, Tanjung
Gelam, Legon Lele, Genting, Kembar, Parang, Cemara and Krakal Islands:
marine tourism (sailing, surfing, water skiing, swimming, sunbathing on
white sand beaches, diving/snorkelling), camping, cultural visits, deer
and bird observation.
Travel bureaus in Semarang and Jepara offer package tours lasting from between one and seven days.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Durian and Lomban Festivals in Jepara, held in January and March each year.
Best time of year to visit: April to October.
How to reach the Park: Semarang-Jepara,
about 1.5 hour by car (100 km), then Jepara (Kartini Harbour)-Karimunjawa,
about 5 hours by ferry (twice a week), or Semarang (Achmad Yani Airport)-Kemujan
Island by plane (once a week).
Office: Jl. Menteri Supeno I Nr. 2